A Guide To Fertilization

A Guide to Fertilization:
as seen in COMO Living Magazine February/March 2019

Why?

The main reason to fertilize is to bolster their health so they are better prepared to fight off pests, disease, and environmental stresses. Other positive effects include larger plants with deeper color, more blooms, and maximum fruit production. While fertilizer can’t solve all of problems, it goes a long way to give the plant a fighting chance.

When?

The ideal time to fertilize trees and shrubs in this climate is from March/April and September. During this time frame, tree and shrub roots take the nutrients from the soil and apply them to health-promoting functions such as root development and disease resistance rather than simply putting out new growth. During the growing season, fertilizing can help overcome mineral deficiencies and fight off infections. If you fertilize mid to late summer, it risks promoting weak, new growth that can be easily damaged in the winter. Of course, this is different for annuals—fertilizer should be applied based on the directions during their growing season.

Where?

The objective of fertilization is to put the nutrients where they will best be taken up by the tree’s roots. Therefore, it is necessary to fertilize throughout the entire root system. In general, the roots extend well beyond the outer reach of a tree’s branches.
The fertilizer must also be placed underneath the roots of any competing plants such as grass or other ground cover. Spreading granular fertilizer on the lawn might make your grass greener, but it will likely not help your tree. In order to get the fertilizer down to the roots of the tree either fertilize before it rains or thoroughly water in the granular fertilizer after you apply it.
Avoid putting fertilizer directly on plant stems or on leaves to prevent burning.

1.5 years later with proper fertilization

What?

Trees & Shrubs:

Fertilome Tree and Shrub Food

  • When-
    • Apply 2 times per year in March/April and September

Root Stimulator

  • When-
    • Use as you plant to stimulate early root formation
    • Reduces transplant shock

Holly Tone-organic slow release

  • When-
    • Twice a year, in March and September (half the amount)
  • Application-
    • To acid loving plants:
      • Rhododendrons
      • Evergreens
      • Hydrangeas
        • Fun Fact: adding acidity can affect the color of blooms of some varieties
      • Magnolias

Annuals & Perennials:

Garden Tone-organic slow release with the perfect formula to maximize vegetable production

  • When-
    • Mix into soil prior to planting
    • First application 7-10 days after plantings
    • Feed once a month throughout growing season
      • Herbs only require once after planting
    • Application-
      • Lettuce & Kale
      • Potatoes
      • Herbs
      • Peppers
      • Squash

Tomato Tone-organic slow release

  • When-
    • Enhance soil prior to planting
    • First application after the plant is established (10-14 days)
    • Continue twice per month during growing season
  • Application-
    • All tomato varieties
    • Peppers
    • Squash
    • Melons

Osmocote-slow release product used to provide maximum bloom and foliage production

  • When-
    • Feed once a month throughout growing season
  • Application-
    • Indoor/Outdoor annuals and container plants

Flower Tone-organic slow release

  • When-
    • Feed once a month throughout growing season

Related:

5 Underappreciated and Overlooked Plants

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Our Roots

Rost, Inc. began in 1985 with a vision of creating stunning and unique landscapes for central Missouri. Founders Tim and Toby Rost began landscaping while attending the University of Missouri.